Friday, 13 May 2011

Islam Types of Prayers

Islam Types of Prayers

There are four types of Prayers:  


  1. Fardh Fardh is an Arabic world, which means compulsory or obligatory. The Five daily prayer i.e., Fajr, Dhuhr, 'Asr, Magrhib and 'Isha are obligatory prayers. It is a sin to intentionally skip a Fardh Prayer. If a prayer is missed because of forgetfulness or due to some unavoidable circumstances, then offering the missed Prayer as soon as possible will rectify this mistake.   2. Sunnah The Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, offered extra Raka'at of Prayer in addition to those of Fardh Prayers. These are called Sunnah Prayers. It is considered necessary by all jurists to offer these prayers. The willful neglect of Sunnah Prayers is censurable in the sight of Allah.

Following are the Sunnah Prayers:

a.Two Rak'at of Sunnah Prayer should be offered before the Fardh Prayer of Fajr. However, if a person joins the congregation without having offered Sunnah due to circumstances beyond his control, he can offer these after the Fardh prayer.
b.Four Rak'at of Sunnah Prayer before Fardh and two Rak'at after the Fardh in Dhuhr Prayer. In case one is unable to perform four Rak'at Sunnah before the Fardh in Dhuhr Prayer, one should offer these after the congregational Fardh Prayer. (Note: Followers of Hanfi school of thought offer two Sunnat while some other Muslims offer four Sunnat after Fardh in Dhuhr Prayer.)
c.Two Rak'at of Sunnah after the Fardh of Maghrib Prayer.
d.Two Rak'at of Sunnah after the Fardh of 'Isha Prayer.

  3. Wajib Wajib prayers are necessary and willful neglect is considered sinful. However, if someone misses any of these due to unavoidable circumstances, Qadha (make-up of missed prayer) is not required.

The following are Wajib Prayers:

a.Three Rak'at of Vitr after 'Isha
b.Two Rak'at of Eidul-Fitr and Two Rak'at of Eidul-Adha
c.Two Rak'at are offered while performing the Tawaaf of K'aba.

  4. Nawafil Nawafil plural form of an Arabic word Nafl which means voluntary or optional prayer. Following are some of the Nawafil Prayers:

a.Eight Rak'at of Tahajjud
b.Two Rak'at after the four/two Rak'at of Sunnah at the end of Dhuhr Prayer
c.Four Rak'at before Fardh of 'Asr Prayer
d.Two Rak'at after the two Rak'at at the end of Maghrib Prayer
e.Four Rak'at of Ishraaq Prayer
f.Two Rak'at offered when one enters a mosque
g.Two Rak'at offered when seeking blessing fro God Almighty
h.Two Rak'at offered as Salat-ul-Hajaat
i.Two Rak'at offered as Thanksgiving Prayer

One may offer as many Nawafil Prayers as one wish. However, Nawafil should not be offered during the forbidden times for Prayers. Nawafil should not be offered between 'Asr and Maghrib Prayer. It is preferable to offer Nawafil Prayers at home rather than in a mosque. However, it is matter of personal choice and there is no compulsion in this matter. 

Now days we as Muslims have to spread the voice to learn quran online and so we could gain the true knowledge and the quran teaching that is give to us by our beloved prophet Muhammad peace be upon him and do quran reading. Do we as Muslim ask our self that why we are at the peak of destruction? The answer will be simple that we have left our roots the holy quran we should guide promote Islam from in our homes first and let learn our kids quran  and encourage them in doing quran memorization this should be our first goal for it we can do different stuff like let then participate in different online quran recitation competition to let them read quran from different online quran reciters and along with it we elders should learn quran also and improve our knowledge of quran and Islam and learn holy quran tafseer because to understand and learn quran Arabic and for this now a days there are many online quran tutor available who teach tajweed quran and its translation and tafseer so let us join our hands to be the voice of Islam and let improve the image of it as well and full fill our duty


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