Evils of Nationalism!
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From the Quran
Fatwaas from Ullima
you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may
be that the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women
scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than
the former…” (Sura Al-Hujuraat # 49, ayah #11)
mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made
you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily,
the most honourable of you with Allaah is that (believer) who has
taqwa (i.e. is one of the muttaqeen – the pious). Verily Allaah
is All-Knowing, All-Aware.” (Sura Al-Hujuraat # 49, ayah #13)
Katheer (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, in his commentary on
“Here Allaah is telling mankind that He created
them from one soul, from which He created its mate – this refers
to Aadam and Hawwa’ (Adam and Eve) – and made them into nations,
which are bigger than tribes. Beyond the tribe there are other smaller
units and divisions, such as families and clans. An alternative
interpretation is that ‘nations’ refers to the non-Arabs and ‘tribes’
refers to the Arabs. All people are equal with regard to lineage
because of their descent from Aadam and Hawwa’, upon whom be peace,
but some may be better than others in religious matters, i.e., in
obedience to Allaah and in following His Messenger (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him). For this reason, after forbidding
envy and scornful attitudes towards others, Allaah pointed out their
equality as human beings"O mankind! We have created you from a male
and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may
know one another" i.e., that they may know one another by referring
to their tribes. Mujaahid said that this meant by calling a person
‘So-and-so the son of So-and-so, from such-and-such a tribe.
believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islâmic religion).
So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allâh, that
you may receive mercy." (Sura Al-Hujurat ayah #10)
swell not thy cheek (for pride) at men, nor walk in insolence through
the earth; for Allah loveth not any arrogant boaster." (Sura Luqman
Believers are but a single Brotherhood: So make peace and reconciliation
between your two (contending) brothers; and fear Allah, that ye
may receive Mercy." (Sura Al-Hujurat ayah #10)
(SAW) said on the authority of Ubayy Bin Ka'b: "If anyone
proudly asserts his descent in the manner of the pre-Islamic people,
tell him to bite his father's penis, and do not use a euphemism".
(Mishkat Al-Masabih, Vol. 2, p. 1021)
Hurayrah (RAA) reported that the Messenger of Allaah (SAW)
was asked, ‘Which people are the most honourable?’ He said: ‘The
most honourable in the sight of Allah (SWT) are the most pious
(those who have most taqwa).’ They said, ‘That is not what we
were asking about.’ He said: ‘The most honourable of people is Yusuf
(AS) the Prophet of Allah, the son of the Prophet of Allah, the
son of the Prophet of Allah, the son of the Friend (khaleel) of
Allah.’ They said: ‘That is not what we were asking about.’ He said,
‘Are you asking about which lineage of the Arabs is most honourable?’
They said, ‘Yes.’ He said: ‘The best of you at the time of Jaahiliyyah
are the best of you in Islam, if they understand properly.’”
Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) also reported that
the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) said: ‘Allah does not look
at your outward appearance or your wealth, He looks at your hearts
and your deeds.’”
sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam also said: "Indeed there is no excellence
for an arab over a non-arab, nor a non-arab over an arab, nor a
white person over a black one, nor a black person over a white one,
except through taqwaa (piety and obedie nce to Allaah)
Evils Of Nationalism
the Shaikh Abdul'Azeez bin Baaz (RH)
has forbidden the calls of jaahiliyyah (the prelslaamic days of
ignorance) and there are many textual evidences which forbid all
of the characteristics and manners of jaahiliyyah and their actions,
except those (good and decent) practices which Isl aam agreed to.
And there is no doubt that the call to nationalism is from these
calls of jaahiliyyah, since nationalism is a call to other than
Islaam and an aiding of other than the truth. And how many ills,
evils and serious wars has such calls of jaahi liyyah caused to
their people, causing great harm to their souls, their wealth and
their possessions. The consequences of such calls (for the Muslims)
was a splitting up of their unity and a planting of enmity and hatred
of each other in their hearts and a fragmentation and splitting
between tribes and nations.
Taymiyyah (d.728H) rahimahullaah said:  "Everything which is
outside the call of Islaam and the Qur'aan, with regards to lineage,
land, nationality, schools of thoughts and ways, then it is from
the calls of jaahiliyyah. lndeed, even when the Muhaa jirs (those
Companions who migrated from Makkah to Madeenah) and the Ansaars
(those Companions who aided and supported those who migrated) argued,
such that one of the Muhaajirs said:" O Muhaajirs! (implying; rally
to my aid) " And one of the Ansaar said: "O Ansaar!" Upon hearing
this, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "Is it with
the calls of Jaahiliyyah that you call, and l am still amongst you!"
And he became very angry at that."
from the textual evidences pertaining to this issue is Allaah the
Most High's saying:
stay in your homes and do not display yourselves, like the display
of the times of jaahiliyyah (pre lslaamic ignorance). But establish
the Prayer, give the Zakaat and obey Allaah and His Messenger. "
[Soorah alAhzaab 33:33]
those who disbelieved placed in their hearts pride and arrogance
the pride and arrogance of jaahiliyyah then Allaah sent down His
tranquillity upon His Messenger sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam and
upon the Believers ..." [Soorah alFath 48 26].
Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "Whosoever leaves off
obedience and separates from the Jamaa'ah and dies, he dies a death
of jaahiliyyah. Whoever fights under the banner of the blind, becoming
angry for 'asabiyyah (partisanship and party s pirit), or calling
to 'asabiyyah, or assisting 'asabiyyah, then dies, he dies a death
of jaahiliyyah." 
in Saheeh Muslim (8/120) the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam
said: lndeed Allaah has revealed to me that you should have humility,
and that no one should act proudly and oppressively over anyone
else, nor should anyone boast over anyone else. "
there is no doubt that the call to nationalism is a call to 'asabiyyah
(partisanship and party spirit) and it is a call to becoming angry
for the sake of 'asabiyyah and fighting for 'asabiyyah. And there
is no doubt also, that the call to nationalism is a call to transgression,
pride and arrogance, since nationalism is not a divinely revealed
way of life which prevents its people from oppression and proud
boasting. Rather it is an ideology from the time of jaahiliyyah
which leads its people to boastin g about it and having 'asabiyyah
for it even if they are the oppressors and the others are the oppressed
! So O noble reader consider this and the truth will be clear to
from the textual evidences connected with this is what at-Tirmidhee
relates from Allaah's Messenger sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam that
he said: "Let people stop boasting about their forefathers who have
died, who are merely fuel for the Hell Fire; or they will certainly
be more insignificant with Allaah than the beetle which roles dung
with its nose. Allaah has removed from you the party spirit of the
days of jaahiliyyah and the boasting about one's forefathers. Indeed
a person is either a pious Belie ver or a wretched sinner. All of
mankind are the children of Aadaam, and Aadam was created from clay.
Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam also said: "Indeed there is
no excellence for an arab over a non-arab, nor a non-arab over an
arab, nor a white person over a black one, nor a black person over
a white one, except through taqwaa (piety and obedie nce to Allaah)
this accords with Allaah the Most High's saying:
mankind! We have created you from male and female and have made
you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Indeed
the most noblest of you with Allaah is the one who has the most
taqwaa." [Soorah al-Hujuraat 49:13].
Allaah the One free from all defects- made clear in this noble aayah
(verse) that people have been made into nations and tribes so that
they may come to know each other, not that they should boast and
have pride over one another. And Allaah the Most Hi gh considered
the most noblest of them to be the one with the most piety and taqwaa.
Likewise, the previously mentioned narration shows the same meaning,
and guides to the fact that it is from the ways of jaahiliyyah to
vainly boast and to have false prid e for one's fore fathers and
ancestry. This is what the calls of jaahiliyyah lead to, whereas
Islaam is in opposition to this. Rather Islaam calls to modesty,
humility, taqwaa and to having love for the sake of Allaah, and
that the true and sincere Muslim s are merely one of the categories
of the children of Aadam 'alayhis salaam, and that the Muslims are
a single body and a single structure; each part supporting the other
and each part feeling the pain that the other parts are suffering
as occurs in an a uth entic hadeeth (narration) from the Prophet
sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, that he said: "The Believer to the
Believer is like a solid building, one part supports the other."
And he interlaced his fingers to demonstrate this.
Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam also said: "The example of
the Believer in their mutual love and mercy is like the example
of a body, if one part of the body feels pain, then all the body
suffers in sleeplessness and fever. 
people! I call to you in the name of Allaah. Does your nationalism
call you to these noble manners of mercy and kindness to the Muslims
the arabs and the non arabs and of having mutual sympathy and concern
for them, and feeling pain at their pain? No by Allaah ! Rather
it calls you to having allegiance with those who have evil character
and it calls you to cultivating enmity and hatred for those who
deny this false creed of nationalism . So beware, O Muslim who desires
safety and salvation, and consider the reality of the affair with
a fair consideration, without being prejudiced with party spirit
and desires. Only then you will see the reality as it truly is.
So may Allaah guide me and you to the means of safety and salvation.
it is related by Imaam al-Bukhaaree in his Saheeh (8/137), that
a young man from the Muhaajirs and a young man from the Ansaar quarreled.
So the Muhaajir said: "O Muhaajirs! (meaning: rally to my help)"
And the Ansaaree said: "O Ansaar'" So the Prophe t sallallaahu 'alayhi
wa sallam heard this and said: ''Is it with the call off jaahiliyyah
that you are calling out, and I am present amongst you !"
though the term Muhaajir and Ansaar are two ascriptions which are
beloved to Allaah the One free from all defects and He has praised
these two groups with a very great praise, in His the Most High's
the first to embrace Islaam from the Muhaajirs and the Ansaar, and
those who followed them in goodness, beliefs and actions. Allaah
is well pleased with them, and they are well pleased with Him. He
has prepared for them Gardens of Paradise, beneath w hich rivers
flow, to live therein forever. That is the supreme achievement."
[Soorah at-Tawbah 9:100].
in the above incident, this ascription to the Muhaajirs and seeking
the help from them, and the Ansaar and seeking the help from them,
when the likes of this was considered to be from the calls of jaahiliyyah,
then what about those who claim allegianc e to nationalism and seek
help through that and become angry for that? Will this not be more
fitting to be considered one of the calls from the days of jaahiliyyah?
This is a matter in which there is no doubt, and it is one of the
clearest of all matters.
this is what has been established in the authentic hadeeth (narration),
from alHaarith alAsh'aree radiallaahu 'anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu
'alayhi wa sallam said: "I order you with five things which Allaah
ordered me with: The Jamaa'ah, hearing , obeying, hijrah (migration)
and jihaad in the way of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. So whosoever
separates from the Jamaaah by a handspan, throws the yoke of Islaam
from his neck, unless he repents. And whosoever calls with the call
of jaahiliyyah (the days of ignorance), then he is from the hoarded
heap of Hell Fire" It was said: Even if he fasts and prays? He said:
"Even if he fasts and prays. So call with the call of Allaah which
Allaah gave: The Muslims, the Believers, Worshippers of Allaah.'
hadeeth is absolutely clear with regards to rendering futile the
calls to nationalism. Its callers deserve that they should be from
the heap of Hell Fire, even if they fast and they Pray and claim
that they are Muslims. So what a severe threat and se vere warning
is given here; warning every muslim from the calls of jaahiliyyah
and warning them from entering into this even if such calls are
adorned with false talks and enchanting speeches . Rather it is
a deception and a blind following which leads it s people to the
worst and most despicable of ends. And we ask Allaah for safety
and freedom from that.
Nuqdul-Qawniyyatul Arabiyyah (pp.39-44), slightly edited.
2. Majmoo ul-Fataawaa (3/456).
3. Related by al-Bukhaaree (8/137).
4. Related by Muslim in his Saheeh (6/21), from Abu Hurayrah radiallaahu
5. Hasan: Related by Abu Daawood (no.5116) and at-Tirmidhee (no.4233)
from Abu Hurayrah radiallaabu anhu. It was authenticated by Ibn
Taymiyyah in Kitaabul-lqtidaa (p.35).
6. Saheeh: Related by Ahmad (5/411) and it was authenticated by
Ibn Taymiyyah in Kitaabul-lqtidaa (p.69).
7. Related by al-Bukhaaree (no.481) and Muslim (no.2585) from Abu
Hurayrah radiallaabu anhu.
8. Related by al-Bukhaaree (no.6011) and Muslim (no.2586) from an-Nu'maan
ibn Basheer radiallaahu anhu.
9. Saheeh: Related by at-Tirmidhee (nos.2863) and at-Tilyaalasee
(no.1161) and others. It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee
in his checking to Ibn Abee 'Aasim's as-Sunnah (no.1036).