(PEACE AND BLESSINGS BE UPON HIM)
By Akbarally Meherally, 2006
~NO COPY RIGHTS RESERVED~
PLEASE MAKE COPIES AND DO CIRCULATE
TO SHUN THE FALSEHOOD AND TO SPREAD THE TRUTH, ONCE WE KNOW IT, ARE THE OBLIGATORY SACRED DUTIES OF BELIEVERS.
Wa ’Aţī‘ū Allāha Wa ’Aţī‘ū Ar-Rasūla Fa ’in Tawallaytum Fa ’innamā
‘Alá Rasūlinā Al-Balāghu Al-Mubīnu
So obey Allah, and obey His Prophet: but if you turn back, the duty of Our Prophet is but to proclaim (message) clearly and openly. Qur'an 64:12.
EXAMINING THE CRITICAL FACTS
NO. 1: THE PROPHET HAD HIMSELF INSTITUTED THE BAN FOR
THE WRITING OF HIS SAYINGS.
The promoters as well as the critics of the Hadeeth literature, both agree that the Prophet had ordered his companions to erase and efface everything other than what he had personally dictated as the revealed Verses of the Qur'an.
This Command of the Prophet was proclaimed in clear and strict terms. During his mission, the Prophet had rejected the repeated demands by his companions to revoke this BAN. The reason put forward by the Prophet was that he did not want his community to get waylaid like the earlier communities had, in the past. History records that after the death of their Prophet Moses, Jews did embark upon wrong paths by following their
Secondary Documents like Mishnah, the Oral Laws and Talmud the teachings of Jewish Rabbis. Similarly, the Christians too got waylaid by giving equal or more importance to the texts of Epistles. Letters written by Paul and the Book of Revelation. An apocalyptic text written by John, after their Prophet and Messiah Jesus had departed from this world. THINK, is the history repeating itself! IS THE ENEMY OF ADAM HAVING AN UPPER HAND ONE MORE TIME?
NO. 2: Copies OF THE QUR'AN WERE CODIFIED AND CIRCULATED IN 33 HIJRI. THE PROPHET'S BAN FOR WRITING WAS OBSERVED FOR NEXT 200 YEARS.
The bulk of Hadeeth Literature that is in circulation today was compiled by Imams Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Abu Da'ud, Ibn Maja and Nasai. They were all residents of Persia and lived during the 3rd century Hijri. Their total collection comprises of nearly 23,300 orally reported, re-narrated Sayings of the Prophet and his wife as well as a sermon by a Caliph. Not so long ago, this entire collection was regarded by the majority of Muslims as authoritative and Sahih (meaning; Trustworthy), although these compilers DID NOT LIVE in the country where the Prophet of Islam was born and had lived. Another significantly important observation is the lack of tangible retractable evidence
for the verification of such an outstanding claim. NONE OF THESE SIX COMPILERS HAVE ADOPTED THE PRACTICE OF FAITHFULLY QUOTING FROM AN EARLIER PUBLISHED DOCUMENT. In other words the SOURCE DOCUMENT
to verify three century old QUOTES AND TRADITIONS DO NOT EXIST. ONE
MUST SIMPLY TRUST THE INHERITED BELIEFS AND ACTS OF ONE'S
NO. 3: PLACING OF .FAITH. DEMANDS THE ANSWER TO THE
FOLLOWING FOUR SERIOUS QUESTIONS.
(1) While the Arab scholars living in Arabia have not recorded in their works even a couple of hundred .Trustworthy Sayings of the Prophet, how could the non-Arab writers living outside of Arabia compile in Arabic, over 23,000 .Trustworthy Sayings of the Prophet., re-narrated by the several companions of Prophet, centuries after they all had passed away from this world?
(2) While the Arab scholars had diligently observed the Prophet's BAN for not writing the Sayings of the Prophet, even after the copies of the Qur'an were circulated, what justified and legitimized the infringement of Prophet's BAN for writing them, by the non-Arab scholars living in Persia. Was it not the change of Caliphate? (Details to follow).
(3) On the Day of Judgment, what could be our answer for promoting these 23,300 Sayings, if the instituted Ban was valid for all times to safeguard the followers from creating Secondary Document and waylaid by the EVIL ONE?
(4) Islamic history supports the fact that the major Discords and Divisions within the Muslim Brotherhood were mostly due to the propagation of the Spurious Sectarian motivated Sayings during the early period of Islamic history. Today in 2006, more Muslims have been killed by Muslims on the SECTARIAN GROUNDS than the number of non-Muslims that have entered within the fold of Islam!
NO. 4: ABBASID CALIPHATE CAME TO POWER AND EMERGENCE OF HADEETHS IN THOUSANDS
Abbasid Caliphs based their claim to Caliphate on their descent from one of the uncles of the Prophet. Their predecessors - the Umayyads, belonged to an Arab clan separate from the Prophet's Quraish tribe. The Umayyad administered Islam in such a way as to favor Arab Muslims over all others.
This undesirable preference had engendered increased hostility and the resentment over time. The Abbasids not only attacked the secularism but they strongly appealed to the non-Arab Muslims, known as Mawalis. Under the Umayyad rule Mawalis were perceived as belonging to a lower class and had remained outside of Arab society and culture. Abbasids encouraged Mawalis to actively participate in the political and religious activities of Muslim Brotherhood. For further info visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbasid
It is now understandable, why these non-Arab (Persian) compilers of the Prophetic Sayings received special admiration and extra-ordinary reverence during this critical period of our history. Here are some major consequences of this turn of Islamic History: a) The strict observance of the Prophet's Ban that was diligently observed by the Arabs was done away for ever. b) The notion that the Prophet's BAN WAS ONLY TRANSITORY until the Collection of the Qur'an was legitimized and promoted as if that was the command of the Prophet. c) The works of Six Persian Compilers was placed on the second highest pedestal after the Qur'an. d) The denial or criticism of Hadeeth was
made a taboo. e) Rejecters of the so called .Sahih Hadeeths. were labeled as Rejecters of Islam. f) Within the Friday sermons, quoting of the Hadeeths. from all classifications from Maudu to Sahih, side-by-side with Revealed Verses of the Glorious Qur'an, became an accepted norm.
NO. 5: PROPHET'S LAST SERMON WAS WITNESSED BY THOUSANDS, DO WE HAVE A SAHIH SERMON.?
The answer is NO. We have ambiguities as to what DID THE PROPHET OF ISLAM SAY ABOUT LEAVING BEHIND TO HOLD FAST:
1) The Prophet had declared; he was leaving behind THE QUR’AN.
2) The Prophet had declared; he was leaving behind THE QUR’AN AND HIS SUNNAH.
3) The Prophet had declared; he was leaving behind THE QUR’AN AND HIS AHLE BAIT.
IF THERE WAS THE .TRUSTWORTHY SINGLE VERSION. OF THE LAST
SERMON, THE MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN DIVIDED
INTO SECTS AND MUSLIMS WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN KILLING THEIR OWN
BROTHERS AND SISTERS AS THE DEADLY FOES. THIS CONCLUSIVELY
PROVES THAT IT IS A FALLACY TO CLAIM ANY DOCUMENT OTHER THAN THE REVEALED QUR'AN, WHICH ALLAH (S.W.T.) HAS HIMSELF UNDERTAKEN TO PROTECT, TO BE TRUSTWORTHY.
NO. 6: SECRETARY ZAYD REMINDED CALIPH MU'AWIYAH NOT TO
WRITE THE SAYINGS OF THE PROPHET BECAUSE IT WAS STRICTLY
Islamic history records that Zayd ibn Thabit used to act as the Prophet's personal secretary. Zayd who used to take the dictations from the Prophet had a personal copy of the revealed verses of the Qur’an. This copy was later used by the 3rd Caliph Uthman as the basis to codify the Qur'an. During the rule of Caliph Mu'awiyah, Zayd acted as an adviser to the Caliph. When Zayd saw Mu'awiyah ordering a man to write in his letter, the prophetic tradition which he himself had verbally narrated to the Caliph, Zayd immediately reminded the Caliph that the Prophet had strictly Banned the writing of the Prophetic Statements. Thereupon, Mu'awiyah ordered that all written Hadeeths be erased and no one should write them. Mu'awiyah became the Caliph nearly a decade after copies of the Qur'an had been circulated by Caliph Uthman. This indicates that the Ban instituted by the Prophet was to be observed even after the collection of the Qur'an. THE TERMINATION OF PROPHETIC BAN WAS UNILATERAL.
NO. 7. SHOULD A SERMON BY A CALIPH EXPRESSING HIS OWN OBSERVATION BE INCLUDED IN THE BOOK OF .PROPHETIC HADEETHS. AND BE ACTED UPON EVEN IF IT NEGATES THE QUR'AN?
Hadeeth Number 6829, recorded in Volume Number 8, under Book Number 86
entitled The Book of Al-Hudud is neither a .SAYING OF THE PROPHET. nor is
related to it. These are the re-reported spoken words of Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab (R.A.) narrated by Ibn .Abbas. Here is the text of that alleged Sermon:
.I am afraid that after a long time has passed, people may say, ’We do not find the Verses of the Rajm (stoning to death) in the Holy Book,’ and consequently they may go astray by leaving an obligation that Allah has revealed.
Lo! I confirm that the penalty of Rajm be inflicted on him who commits illegal sexual intercourse, if he is already married and the crime is proved by witnesses or pregnancy or confession."
THE ABOVE REPORTED SERMON WAS DELIVERED BY THE 2ND CALIPH. THE COMPILATION OF THE QUR'AN WAS DONE BY THE 3RD CALIPH. IF THE ABOVE REPORT WAS A HISTORICAL FACT IT IS INCONCEIVABLE THAT THE
COMMISSION APPOINTED TO COLLECT THE QUR'AN BY THE 3RD CALIPH
WOULD NOT HAVE ADDED A SO CALLED .MISSING VERSE OF THE QUR'AN. IN THE FINAL COMPILATION. IS NOT THE TEXT OF THIS SERMON CLAIMING
THAT ALLAH (S.W.T.) HAS FAILED TO SAFEGUARD HIS BOOK, WHEN ALLAH HAS PROMISED TO PROTECT HIS BOOK? (SEE QUR'AN VERSE 15: 9).
IT IS THE SAD REALITY THAT THOSE WHO HAVE PLACED THEIR FULL FAITH UPON THE WORDINGS OF THE ABOVE SERMON HAVE PHYSICALLY .STONED TO DEATH. (MOSTLY POOR MUSLIM WOMEN), IGNORING THE DIVINE COMMAND TO .FLOG THEM. AND LET THEM MARRY AGAIN AND HAVE THEIR OWN FAMILIES. FOR DETAILS READ QUR'AN SURAH NUR (24) VERSES 2/3.
THOSE WHO ISSUE SUCH JUDGMENTS ARE HONORED AND RESPECTED AS
LEADERS OF THE MUSLIM UMMAH BROTHERHOOD, AND THOSE WHO DARE TO QUESTION SUCH ANTI-QUR'ANIC JUDGMENTS ARE DECLARED MURTADS MEANING HAVING BEEN REMOVED OR LEFT THE DEEN OF ISLAM.
NO. 8: ISLAM WILL SOON BE VICTORIOUS IF THE BELIEVERS WERE TO
REFLECT IN THEIR OWN MINDS AND SINCERELY PROMISE TO ABIDE
BY THE SUNNAH (LAW) OF THE ONE WHO NEVER FAILS FROM HIS PROMISE. OUR RABB PERFECTED THE DEEN ISLAM FOR US WHEN HE REVEALED THE VERSE 5: 3. ONE RABB. ONE SUNNAH. WE WHO CALL OURSELVES AS SUNNI MUSLIMS SHOULD CLAIM TO BE THE FOLLOWERS OF SUNATULLAH – ALLAH'S LAW.
REFLECT... WHAT IF THE ABBASID CALIPHS HAD NOT RELAXED THE
PROPHET'S BAN FOR .NOT WRITING OF HIS SAYINGS. AND DEVOUTLY OBEYED OUR PROPHET'S COMMAND ALIKE THE EARLIER CALIPHS!!!
1. ISLAM WOULD NOT HAVE DEVIATED FROM THE PATH THAT WAS
PERFECTED BY ALLAH (SEE 5: 3).
2. NO MUSLIM WOULD HAVE EVER HEARD OF THE SECONDARY
DOCUMENT FROM THE PULPIT.
3. NO MUSLIM LEADER OR ELDER WOULD HAVE TAUGHT ANYTHING BUT WHAT IS PRESERVED BY ALLAH IN THE HEAVEN LAWHE MAHFUZ AND WAS LOWERED FOR ALL MANKIND IN THE RAMADAN.
4. NO MUSLIM WOULD HAVE EVER DARED TO DISOBEY ALLAH'S EXPLICIT COMMAND OF NOT RECITING OUR PRAYERS SILENTLY. (QUR'AN 17: 110). THE RITUAL PRAYER IS A WINDOW OF SPIRITUAL COMMUNICATION WITH ALLAH. THINK... AM I ADDRESSING MY RABB IN THE MANNER HE WANTS ME TO THAT IS; NOT LOUDLY, NOT SILENTLY BUT ONLY IN THE .MIDDLE TONE?
READ & RETURN TO THE DAYS WHEN ISLAM WAS PERFECT:
.When they are told to follow the (revelation) that Allah has sent down they say: .Nay we shall follow the ways that we found our fathers (following)... What! even if it is Satan beckoning them to the Penalty of the (Blazing) Fire!. (Q. 31: 21).
Other books by the author:
Understanding Ismailism. Unique Tariqah 1988
Understanding the Bible 1989
A History of the Agakhani Ismailis 1991
Understanding Jesus 1992
Myths and Realities of Hadith-Critical Study 2001
Rediscovering the Realities of Jesus 2003
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