A noble but disabled man has proposed to me and I accepted him. But my father refused him because he is disabled and from a simpler standard of living than ours. We are rich family.
After I completed my study at university, my family planned to cut my relationship with the good friends of mine, they planned to change my life gradually. So I left home and planned for marriage. Two months later I got married to the Muslim man in a shar’ee court.
The question: is my marriage islamically valid? What should my situation towards my family be? Shall I continue boycotting the relationship with them?.
Praise be to Allaah.
praise Allaah for having enabled you to adhere to the path of guidance and
righteousness and we ask Him, may He be glorified and exalted, to grant you
more of His bounty.
The woman should endeavour to marry one who is religiously committed and of
good character, who can protect her and take care of her, and enable and
help her to practise her religion, as well as help her to raise righteous
children in accordance with the principles and morals of Islam.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If there
comes to you one whose religious commitment and attitude pleases you, then
marry [your female relative who is under your care] to him, for if you do
not do that, there will be tribulation on earth and much corruption.”
Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (1084) from Au Hurayrah; classed as hasan by
al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.
Marriage is not valid except with a wali (guardian), and a woman has no
right to marry herself, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no marriage without a wali.” Narrated by
Abu Dawood (2085), al-Tirmidhi (1101) and Ibn Maajah (1881) from Abu Moosa
al-Ash’ari; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.
And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Any woman
who gets married without the permission of her wali, her marriage is
invalid, her marriage is invalid, her marriage is invalid… and if there is
any dispute, then the ruler is the wali of the one who has no wali.”
Narrated by Ahmad (24417), Abu Dawood (2083) and al-Tirmidhi (1102); classed
as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’ no. 2709.
But if the wali refuses to marry the female relative under his care to a
compatible man with whom she is pleased, then he is preventing her from
getting married and guardianship passes from him to the next closest male
relative on the father’s side.
Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: What is meant by
preventing her marriage is preventing her from marrying a compatible man if
she asks for that and each of them wants to marry the other…
And whether she asked to get married for a mahr (dowry) like that of her
peers or less. This is the view of al-Shaafa’i, Abu Yoosuf and Muhammad.
she wants to marry a specific compatible man, and he wants her to marry some
other compatible man, and refuses to marry her to the one whom she wants,
then he is preventing her marriage.
But if she asks to marry someone who is not compatible, then he has the
right to refuse that and he is not regarded as preventing her marriage. End
quote from al-Mughni (9/383).
Because guardians usually prevent marriage in such cases, there is nothing
wrong with the woman referring the matter to the shar’i judge, who may then
ask the guardians to do her marriage. If they refuse then he may do her
marriage himself. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said, as in the hadeeth quoted above: “and if there is any dispute,
then the ruler is the wali of the one who has no wali.”
Based on this, your marriage contract is valid and it is not permissible to
annull it, because the shar’i judge became your wali after your father
refused to arrange your marriage.
You have to honour your parents and treat them kindly, and uphold ties of
kinship with them even if it is only by speaking to them on the phone, until
they calm down and you are able to visit them, for parents’ rights are
great. Hence the duty to honour them is mentioned repeatedly in the Qur’aan,
as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And We have enjoined on man to be good and dutiful to his
parents; but if they strive to make you join with Me (in worship) anything
(as a partner) of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not. Unto Me
is your return and I shall tell you what you used to do”
“And We have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his
parents. His mother bore him in weakness and hardship upon weakness and
hardship, and his weaning is in two years __ give thanks to Me and to your
parents. Unto Me is the final destination.
15. But if they (both) strive with you to make you join in
worship with Me others that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them
not; but behave with them in the world kindly, and follow the path of him
who turns to Me in repentance and in obedience. Then to Me will be your
return, and I shall tell you what you used to do”
[Luqmaan 31:14, 15]
You have no right to cut them off, rather you must strive to calm them down
and put their minds at rest, and soften their hearts with money and gifts to
earn their love, and ask Allaah to guide your family.
May Allaah help us and you to do that which He loves and which pleases Him.
And Allaah knows best.