I want to marry my cousin. She is my paternal cousin. I am her wali according to a shar’ee guardianship. I want to marry her but we do not have close relatives or brothers. There is no one else apart from me who can be her wali. Is it permissible that I say to her: “I give you myself in marriage” then she says: “I accept” in witnesses’ presence? Or shall I ask the marriage contractor to be her wali? What shall I do?.
Praise be to Allaah.
If a woman’s guardian
(wali) with regard to marriage is her cousin (son of her paternal uncle) and
he wants to marry her, there is nothing wrong with that if she agrees.
Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah
have mercy on him) said:
The wali of a woman for
whom it is permissible to marry her may be her cousin, her master, the judge
or the ruler. If she gives him permission to marry her then he may do that.
In that case he may do the
marriage contract on behalf of himself and the woman, because he is her
wali. So he says: I marry you, or I marry myself to So and so, and so on. He
does not need to say I accept, because his acceptance is implied. And she
does not need to say I accept either, because a woman cannot do the marriage
contract for herself or for anyone else, rather her wali does the marriage
contract for her.
Or he may appoint another
man to do his marriage contract on his behalf, whether this wakeel is a
state official or someone else. In that case his deputy (wakeel) says: I
give you So and so in marriage, and he says: I accept. Thus the marriage
contract is done. Both ways are narrated from the Sahaabah (may Allaah be
pleased with them).
Imam al-Bukhaari (may
Allaah have mercy on him) said:
Chapter: If the wali is the
suitor. Al-Mugheerah ibn Shu’bah proposed marriage to a woman when he was
her next of kin (her guardian), so he told another man to do the marriage
contract for him.
‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf
said to Umm Hakeem bint Qaarit: Will you put me in charge of your affairs?
She said: Yes. He said: Then I offer to marry you.
‘Ata’ said: Let him bring
witnesses, or let him order a man among her family. End quote.
Al-Albaani classed the
reports of al-Mugheerah ibn Shu’bah and ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf (may Allaah
be pleased with them) as saheeh in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 1845 and 1855.
It should be noted that it
is essential to have the marriage contract witnessed in both cases. For
information on the essential parts and conditions of marriage, please see
the answer to question no. 2127.
And Allaah knows best.