Tuesday, 4 October 2011

Is it essential to recite the Qur’aan in sequence for one who wants to complete it?


In Ramadaan, if a person wants to complete the Qur’aan, does he have to recite it in sequence?.

Praise be to Allaah.

It is
mustahabb to read Qur’aan a great deal during Ramadaan, because it is the
month of the Qur’aan. Allaah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the

month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’aan, a guidance for mankind
and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and

[al-Baqarah 2:185]. 

Jibreel used
to come to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
every night in Ramadaan and review the Qur’aan with him. Narrated by
al-Bukhaari (5) and Muslim (4268). 

(4614) narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that
Jibreel used to review the Qur’aan with the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) once every year, and he reviewed it with
him twice in the year when he died. This indicates that it is mustahabb to
complete the Qur’aan and study it in Ramadaan.

 Hence the
salaf used to read Qur’aan a great deal during Ramadaan, following the
example of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
Qataadah (may Allaah have mercy on him) used to complete the Qur’aan every
seven nights all the time, and every three nights in Ramadaan, and every two
nights during the last ten days of Ramadaan.  

al-Nakha’i used to complete the Qur’aan in Ramadaan every three nights, and
in the last ten days every two nights. 

(may Allaah have mercy on him) used to read the entire Qur’aan every two
nights throughout the month. End quote from Majaalis Shahr Ramadaan
by Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) p. 65. 


The best is
to read the Qur’aan in the order of soorahs as given in the Mus-haf, which
is the sequence in which Jibreel reviewed the Qur’aan with the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) at the end of his life.  

al-Tahbeer fi ‘Ilm al-Tafseer by al-Suyooti, p. 637 

(may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Tibyaan: 

The scholars
(may Allaah have mercy on them) said: The best is to read it in the order in
which it appears in the Mus-haf, so he should read al-Faatihah, then
al-Baqarah, then Aal ‘Imraan, then al-Nisa’, until he ends with Qul
a’oodhu bi Rabbi l-naas (Sooratal-Naas), whether he is reciting it in
prayer or otherwise. It is also mustahabb, if he recites one soorah, to
recite after it the soorah that comes after it. So if he recites Qul
a’oodhu bi Rabbi l-naas (Sooratal-Naas) in the first rak’ah, he should
recite from al-Baqarah in the second. 

The evidence
for that is that the order of soorahs given in the Mus-haf is for a reason,
so that order should be followed, except in cases where it is narrated that
there is an exception, such as in Fajr prayer on Friday, when
Alif-Laam-Meem Tanzeel (Soorat al-Sajdah) is recited in the first rak’ah
and Hal ata (Soorat al-Insaan) in the second, and the Eid prayers
when Soorat Qaaf and Soorat al-Qamar may be recited. 

If he
recites them in a different order and recites one soorah then recites a
soorah that comes before it, or he recites a soorah that does not come
straight after it, that is permissible, even if he is not doing what is
best. As for reciting a soorah from the end to the beginning, there is no
dispute that this is not allowed and is blameworthy, because it is a
distortion that detracts from the linguistic miracle of the Qur’aan and goes
against the wisdom behind the order in which the verses appear. 

End quote
from al-Nawawi. 

There is a
report from ‘Aa’ishah which indicates that it is not obligatory to read
Qur’aan in sequence. 

(4993) narrated that Yoosuf ibn Maahak said: I was with ‘Aa’ishah the Mother
of the Believers when an Iraqi came to her and said: “O Mother of the
Believers, show me your Mus-haf.” She said: “Why?” He said: “So that I may
compile and arrange the Qur’aan according to it, for people recite it with
its soorahs not in proper order.” She said: “It does not matter which part
you read first. The first part of it to be revealed was a soorah from
al-Mufassal which mentioned Paradise and Hell, then when the people became
steadfast in Islam, (rulings on) halaal and haraam were revealed. If the
first thing to have been revealed was ‘Do not drink wine,’ they would have
said: ‘We will never give up wine.’ If it had been revealed, ‘Do not commit
zina,’ they would have said, ‘We will never give up zina.’ It was revealed
in Makkah to Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when
I was a young girl playing, ‘Nay, but the Hour is their appointed time
(for their full recompense), and the Hour will be more grievous and more
bitter’ [al-Qamar 54:46]. And Soorat al-Baqarah and al-Nisa’ were not
revealed except I was with him.” 


It seems to
me that this Iraqi was one of those who followed the recitation of Ibn
Mas’ood. When the Mus-haf of ‘Uthmaan was brought to Kufa, Ibn Mas’ood did
not agree to recant his recitation or destroy his Mus-haf, and his
compilation was different from that of ‘Uthmaan’s Mus-haf. (Compilation
means the collection of the Mus-haf in order). Undoubtedly the compilation
of ‘Uthmaan’s Mus-haf was more appropriate than any other, hence this Iraqi
said that its soorahs were not in proper order. 

Ibn Battaal
said: We do not know of anyone who regarded it as obligatory to recite the
soorahs in order, whether during prayer or otherwise, rather it is
permissible to recite al-Kahf before al-Baqarah, or al-Hajj before al-Kahf,
for example. As for what is narrated from the salaf about it being forbidden
to recite the Qur’aan out of order, what is meant by that is reciting a
soorah from its end to its beginning. There was a group which did that in
poetry, to demonstrate their precise memorization thereof. So the salaf
ruled that this is not allowed with regard to the Qur’aan and it is haraam.
Al-Qaadi ‘Iyaad said: The order of soorahs is not obligatory when reading or
praying, or studying or teaching, hence Mus-hafs varied, but when the
Mus-haf of ‘Uthmaan was written they wrote it in the order in which it
appears now. Hence the order of the Mus-hafs of the Sahaabah varied… then he
mentioned something similar to Ibn Battaal. End quote from Fath al-Baari. 

And Allaah
knows best.

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