When visiting muslims, I noticed that many
of them put verses of the Qur'an on the walls or pictures with the names Allah and
Mohammed. I know a lot of muslims think that it is good to do so because it will protect
them and their house. Personally, I consider it a form of shirk or superstition. Is there
any ruling on that subject?
Praise be to Allaah.
Hanging plaques and cloths containing aayaat of the
Qur’aan in homes, schools, social clubs and places of business, involves a number of
reservations and prohibitions according to Islam, such as the following:
(1) In most cases, hanging such things on the wall is done for purposes
of decoration and adornment, as the aayaat etc. are written in calligraphy and colourful
brocade. This is an inappropriate use of the Qur’aan, as it was revealed to guide
people and to be read regularly. The Qur’aan was not revealed to decorate walls, but
to guide mankind.
(2) Some people hang up such things for “blessing” - which is
a form of bid‘ah. The blessing as described in Islam comes from reading or reciting
the Qur’aan, not from hanging it up or placing it on shelves or turning it into
artwork and three-dimensional images.
(3) This is contrary to the practice of the Prophet
blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the Rightly-Guided Khaleefahs (al-Khulafaa’
al-Raashidoon), may Allaah be pleased with them, who never did such a thing. The best
way is to follow them, not to introduce bid‘ah. History tells us that in places such
as Andalusia, Turkey, etc., the adornment of houses and mosques with ornate carvings of
aayaat only happened at times when the Muslims were weak and humiliated.
(4) Hanging up such pictures or plaques could lead to shirk,
because some people think that these things are amulets that will protect the house and
its people from evil and disease. This is shirk and is haraam, because the One Who
really offers protection is Allaah, may He be glorified, and one of the means of gaining
His protection is sincere recitation of the Qur’an and du‘aa’s
taught in the Qur’aan and Sunnah.
(5) There is the risk that the Qur’aan may be used, in such cases,
as a means of promoting one’s business or increasing one’s earnings. The
Qur’aan should be protected from being used for such purposes. It is well-known that
the production and sale of these pictures and plaques involves a great deal of
extravagance and wasting money.
(6) Many of these plaques are painted with real gold, which makes using
them and hanging them up even more haraam.
(7) Many of these plaques involve a kind of carelessness, because the
letters are twisted into complex designs that are of no benefit to anyone because they are
barely legible. Sometimes words are fashioned into the shape of a bird or a man
prostrating, and similarly forbidden pictures of animate beings.
(8) Ayaat and soorahs of the Qur’aan are exposed to misuse and
abuse by this practice. For example, when moving house, they are piled up with the rest of
the furniture and belongings, and other objects may be placed on top of them. This also
happens when they are taken down so that the wall may be painted or cleaned.
(9) Some Muslims whose observance of Islam is lacking put these plaques
and pictures up so that they can feel that they are doing something religious, in order to
reduce their feelings of guilt – in spite of the fact that this practice does not
help them in any way.
All in all, we must close the doors of evil and follow the leaders of
guidance of the early centuries of Islam, whose people the Prophet
(peace be upon him)
testified were the best of the Muslims in faith and practice. If someone were to say,
“We are not going to abuse it or make it a decoration or exaggerate about it, we only
want to remind people (about their religion) in our gatherings”, our response would
be: if we look at real life, will we find that this is what actually happens? Do people
really remember Allah? Do they even read these aayaat when they raise their heads?
What really happens is the opposite: people go against the words
hanging over their heads, they still tell lies, engage in gossip, make fun of others and
do and say evil things. Even if we assume that there are some who do benefit from these
plaques etc., the fact is that they are very few, and this does not change the hukm
(Islamic ruling) on the matter.
The Muslims must turn to the Book of Allaah, read it and recite it, and
act in accordance with it. We ask Allaah to make the Qur’aan a light of guidance for
us, and a means of removing our grief and anxiety. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad.