Tuesday, 4 October 2011

Is it true that there is no evidence of a Qur’aan being written in the 7th century?


I would like to know the specific ayats in
the Qu'Ran where we should prostrate.

Praise be to Allaah.

There are fifteen places in the Qur’aan where we
should perform sajdat al-tilaawah (prostration of recitation) when reciting them. It was
reported from ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas that the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) recited to him fifteen verses in the Qur’aan where
one should prostrate, three of which are in al-Mufassal and two in Soorat al-Hajj. It was
reported by Abu Dawood, Ibn Maajah, al-Haakim and al-Daaraqutni, and classed as hasan by
al-Mundhiri and al-Nawawi. The fifteen aayat are (interpretation of the meanings):

1 - “Surely those who are with your Lord (angels) are never too
proud to perform acts of worship to Him, but they glorify His Praise and prostrate before

[al-A’raaf 7:206]

2 - “And unto Allaah (Alone) falls in prostration whoever is in
the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the
mornings and in the afternoons.”

[al-Ra’d 13:15]

3 – “And to Allaah prostrate all that is in the heavens and
all that is in the earth, of the live moving creatures and the angels, and they are not
proud [i.e., they worship their Lord (Allaah) with humility].”

[al-Nahl 16:49]

4 – “Say (O Muhammad): ‘Believe in it (the Qur’aan)
or do not believe (in it). Verily! Those who were given knowledge before it, when it is
recited to them, fall down on their faces in humble prostration.”

[al-Isra’ 17:107]

5 – “… When the Verses of the Most Beneficent (Allaah)
were recited unto them, they fell down prostrating and weeping.”

[Maryam 19:58]

6 – “See you not that to Allaah prostrates whoever is in the
heavens and whoever is one the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the
mountains, and the trees, and al-dawaab (moving living creatures, beasts, etc.), and many
of mankind? But there are many (men) on whom the punishment is justified. And whomsoever
Allaah disgraces, none can honour him. Verily! Allaah does what He wills.”

[al-Hajj 22:18]

7 – “O you who believe! Bow down, and prostrate yourselves,
and worship your Lord and do good that you may be successful.”

[al-Hajj 22:77]

8 – “And when it is said to them: ‘Prostrate to the Most
Beneficent (Allaah)!’ They say, ‘And what is the Most Beneficent? Shall we fall
down in prostration to that which you (O Muhammad) command us?’ And it increases in
them only aversion.”

[al-Furqaan 25:60]

9 – “[As Shaytaan has barred them from Allaah’s Way] so
that they do not worship (prostrate before) Allaah, Who brings to light what is hidden in
the heavens and the earth, and knows what you conceal and what you reveal.”

[al-Naml 27:25]

10 – “Only those believe in Our aayaat (verses, signs, etc.)
who, when they are reminded of them fall down prostrate, and glorify the Praises of their
Lord, and they are not proud.”

[al-Sajdah 32:15]

11 – “… And Dawood guessed that We had tried him and he
sought forgiveness of his Lord, and he fell down prostrate and turned (to Allaah) in

[Saad 38:24]

12 – “And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and
the sun and the moon. Prostrate not to the sun nor to the moon, but prostrate to Him Who
created them, if you (really) worship Him.”

[Fussilat 41:37]

13 – “So fall down in prostration to Allaah, and worship Him

[al-Najm 53:62]

14 – “And when the Qur’aan is recited to them, they fall
not prostrate.”

[al-Inshiqaaq 84:21]

15 – “… Fall prostrate and draw near to Allaah!”

[al-‘Alaq 96:19]

Al-Albaani said, in Tamaam al-Minnah (296):

“On the contrary, the hadeeth is not hasan, because it includes
two majhool [unknown] narrators. Al-Haafiz said in al-Talkhees, after
quoting the opinion of al-Mundhiri and al-Nawawi that it is hasan: ‘’Abd al-Haqq
and Ibn Qattaan classed it as da’eef [weak]. It includes ‘Abd-Allaah ibn
Munayn, who is majhool, and the one who narrated from him is al-Haarith ibn
Sa’eed al-‘Atqi, who is also unknown.’ Ibn Maakoolaa said: ‘ He did
not narrate any hadeeth apart from this one.”

Hence al-Tahhaawi was of the opinion that there is no second sajdah in
Soorat al-Hajj, towards the end of the soorah. This is also the opinion of Ibn Hazm who
said in al-Muhalla:

“Because it is not narrated in any saheeh report that this was the
Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and there
is no scholarly consensus to this effect. But it was reported with a saheeh isnaad that
‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab, the daughter of ‘Abd-Allaah and Abu Darda’ performed
sajdah in (the second verse quoted from Soorat al-Hajj).”

Then Ibn Hazm discussed whether the sajdahs for the other aayaat quoted
are prescribed in Islam. He mentioned that the scholars are agreed upon the first ten,
that performing sujood when reciting these aayaat is prescribed. Al-Tahhaawi also reported
this consensus in Sharh al-Ma’aani (1/211), but he said that the sajdah in
Soorat Fussilat was prescribed, instead of the sajdah in Soorat Saad. Both scholars
narrated ahaadeeth with saheeh isnaads from the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) concerning the sajdahs in Saad, al-Najm, al-Inshiqaaq and
al-‘Alaq. These last three are from the Mufassal, which is referred to in the hadeeth
of ‘Amr mentioned above.

In conclusion, even though the isnaad of the hadeeth is weak, it is
supported by the consensus of the ummah which supports most of it, and by saheeh ahaadeeth
which support the rest of it, except for the second sajdah in Soorat al-Hajj, for which
there is no evidence in the Sunnah or in the consensus of the scholars. But some of the
Sahaabah used to prostrate when reciting it, which could be taken as evidence, especially
since no one is known to have disputed with them in this regard.

To sum up, the prostration of recitation should be performed when
reciting the fifteen verses quoted above. And Allaah knows best.

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